Free Access
Issue
Lait
Volume 80, Number 1, January-February 2000
New applications of membrane technology in the dairy industry
Page(s) 113 - 120
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/lait:2000112
DOI: 10.1051/lait:2000112

Lait 80 (2000) 113-120

Effect of peptide distribution on the fractionation of whey protein hydrolysates by nanofiltration membranes

Yves Pouliot, Sylvie F. Gauthier, Josée L'Heureux

Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition, Centre de recherche STELA, Université Laval, Québec, Canada, G1K 7P4A

Abstract:

The fractionation of tryptic and chymotryptic hydrolysates of whey proteins by nanofiltration (NF) membranes has been investigated. Enzymatic hydrolysates were prepared by tryptic (TH) or chymotryptic (CH) hydrolysis of a commercial whey protein isolate followed by UF-treatment using a 10 000 g.mol-1 MWCO in order to remove the enzyme and non-hydrolyzed material from the reaction mixture. Both hydrolysates were further fractionated using a SG13 (Osmonics) cellulose acetate NF membrane with a molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) of 2 500 g.mol-1. A detailed examination of the peptide separation revealed that, for both TH and CH, the negatively charged peptides were in lower proportion in the permeates whereas the opposite trend was observed for neutral and positively charged peptides. However, the fractionation of TH lead to a better separation between charged fragments than that of CH. This can be explained by the broader range of peptide characteristics (mass, charge) in CH as a result of the broader specificity of chymotrypsin.

nanofiltration / peptide / enzyme specificity / membrane selectivity / fractionation

Correspondence and reprints: Y. Pouliot
Yves.Pouliot@aln.ulaval.ca

Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences

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