Free Access
Volume 83, Number 2, March-April 2003
Page(s) 167 - 173


  1. Banni S., Murru E., Angioni E., Carta G., Melis M.P., Conjugated linoleic acid isomers (CLA): good for everything?, Sci. Aliments 22 (2002) 371-380.
  2. Brun Bellut J., Laurent F., Vignon B., Effetti della alimentazione sulla composizione del latte, Latte 10 (1985) 314-326.
  3. Bugaud C., Buchin S., Coulon J.B., Hauwuy A., Dupont D., Influence of the nature of alpine pastures on plasmin activity, fatty acid and volatile compound composition of milk, Lait 81 (2001) 401-414.
  4. Bugaud C., Buchin S., Noël Y., Tessier L., Pochet S., Martin B., Chamba J.F., Relationships between Abondance cheese texture, its composition and that of milk produced by cows grazing different types of pastures, Lait 81 (2001) 593-607.
  5. Chilliard Y., Ferlay A., Mansbridge R.M., Doreau M., Agabriel J., Givens I., Ruminant milk fat plasticity: nutritional control of saturated, polyunsaturated, trans and conjugated fatty acids, Ann. Zootech. 49 (2000) 181-205.
  6. Collomb M., Bütikofer U., Spahni M., Jeangros B., Bosset J.O., Composition en acides gras et en glycérides de la matière grasse du lait de vache en zone de montagne et de plaine, Sci. Aliments 19 (1999) 97-110.
  7. Colombari G., Zapparoli G.A., Influence on the forage preservation system on acid composition of milk fat, Sci. Tec. Latt. Casearia 40 (1989) 299-310.
  8. Dhiman T.R., Anand G.R., Satter L.D., Pariza M.W., Conjugated linoleic acid content of milk from cows fed different diets, J. Dairy Sci. 82 (1999) 2146-2156.
  9. Fellin A., Barcarolo R., Tutta C., Tapparo F., Tapparo M., Experiments of fat addition in cows feeding and changes in milk fat composition, Sci. Tec. Latt. Casearia 40 (1989) 288-298.
  10. Gerson T., Shortland F.B., Wilson G.F., Reid C.W.S., Origin of glyceride fatty acids in cow milk fat, J. Dairy Sci. 51 (1968) 356-361.
  11. Grummer R.R., Effect of feed on the composition of milk fat, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 3244-3257.
  12. Ha Y.L., Grimm N.K., Pariza M.W., Newly recognized anticarcinogenic fatty acids: identification and quantification in natural and processed cheeses, J. Agric. Food Chem. 37 (1989) 75-81.
  13. Henninger M., Ulberth F., Trans fatty acid content of bovine milk fat, Milchwissenschaft 49 (1994) 555-558.
  14. Hill M.J., Dietary fat and human cancer (A review), Anticancer Res. 7 (1987) 281-292.
  15. Innocente N., Praturlon D., Corradini C., Fatty acid profile of cheese produced with milk from cows grazing on mountain pastures, Ital. J. Food Sci. 14 (2002) 217-224.
  16. ISO, International standard. Animal and vegetable fats and oils. Preparation of methyl esters of fatty acids. ISO 5509:2000(E), International Organisation for Standardisation, Geneve, Switzerland, 2000.
  17. Jahangiri A., Leifert W.R., McMurchie E.J., Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: recent aspects in relation to health benefits, Food Australia 54 (2002) 74-77.
  18. Jenkins T.C., Lipid metabolism in the rumen, J. Dairy Sci. 76 (1993) 3851-3863.
  19. Jiang J., Bjoerck L., Fonden R., Emanuelson M., Occurrence of conjugated cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic acid in bovine milk: effects of feed and dietary regimen, J. Dairy Sci. 79 (1996) 438-445.
  20. Kelly M.L., Kolver E.S., Bauman D.E., Amburgh M.E., Muller L.D., Effect of intake of pasture on concentrations of conjugated linoleic acid in milk of lactating cows, J. Dairy Sci. 81 (1998) 1630-1636.
  21. Kepler C.R., Tove S.B., Biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids, J. Biol. Chem. 242 (1967) 5686-5692.
  22. Kepler C.R., Tucker W.P., Tove S.B., Biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids. V. Stereospecificity of proton addition and mechanism of action of linoleic acid $\Delta^{12}$-cis, $\Delta^{11}$-trans-isomerase from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, J. Biol. Chem. 246 (1971) 2765-2771.
  23. Lin H., Boylston T.D., Chang M.J., Luedecke L.O., Shultz T.D., Survey of the conjugated linoleic acid contents of dairy products, J. Dairy Sci. 78 (1995) 2358-2365.
  24. Lin H., Boylston T.D., Luedecke L.O., Shultz T.D., Conjugated linoleic acid content of Cheddar-type cheeses as affected by processing, J. Food Sci. 64 (1999) 874-878.
  25. Martin A., Nutritional recommendations for the French population. The "Apports Nutritionnels Conseillés'' (ANCs), Sci. Aliments 21 (2001) 309-460.
  26. Official Methods of Cheese Analysis. D.M 21.04.1986. Supplemento Ordinario Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 299 del 2.10.1986.
  27. Palmquist D.L., Jenkins T.C., Fat in lactation rations: Review, J. Dairy Sci. 63 (1980) 1-14.
  28. Parodi P.W., Conjugated linoleic acid: an anticarcinogenic fatty acid present in milk fat, Aust. J. Dairy Technol. 49 (1994) 93-97.
  29. Polan C.E., McNeill J.J., Tove S.B., Biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids by rumen bacteria, J. Bacteriol. 88 (1964) 1056-1064.
  30. Prandini A., Geromin D., Conti F., Masoero F., Piva A., Piva G., Survey on the level of conjugated linoleic acid in dairy products, Ital. J. Food Sci. 13 (2001) 243-253.
  31. Precht D., Molkentin J., Effect of feeding on conjugated cis-$\delta$9, trans-$\delta$11-octadecadienoic acid and other isomer of linoleic acid in bovine milk fats, Nahrung 41 (1997) 330-335.
  32. Werner S.A., Luedecke L.O., Shultz T.D., Determination of conjugated linoleic acid content and isomer distribution in three Cheddar-type cheeses: effects of cheese cultures, processing and aging, J. Agric. Food Chem. 40 (1992) 1817-1821.
  33. Wolff R.L., Bayard C.C., Fabien R.J., Evaluation of sequential methods for the determination of butterfat fatty acid composition with emphasis on trans-18:1 acids. Application to the study of seasonal variations in French butters, J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 72 (1995) 1471-1483.
  34. Wu Z., Ohajuruka O.A., Palmquist D.L., Ruminal synthesis. Biohydrogenation and digestibility of fatty acids by dairy cows, J. Dairy Sci. 74 (1991) 3025-3034.
  35. Zegarska Z., Paszczyk B., Borejszo Z., Trans fatty acids in milk fat, Polish J. Food Nutr. Sci. 5 (1996) 89-97.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences