Free Access
Volume 82, Number 6, November-December 2002
Page(s) 713 - 723


  1. Abrams W.B., Berkow R., Merck Manual of Geriatrics, 1st ed., Merck Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories, Rahway, NJ, USA, 1990.
  2. Bartram H.P., Scheppach W., Gerlach S., Ruckdeschel G., Kelber E., Kasper H., Does yogurt enriched with Bifidobacterium longum affect colonic microbiology and fecal metabolites in healthy subjects?, Amer. J. Clin. Nutr. 59 (1994) 428-432.
  3. Bazzarre T.L., Wu S.L., Yuhas J.A., Total and HDL-cholesterol concentrations following yogurt and calcium supplementation, Nutr. Rep. Int. 28 (1983) 1225-1232.
  4. Beerens H., An elective and selective isolation medium for Bifidobacterium spp., Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 11 (1990) 155-157.
  5. Besnier M.O., Bourlioux P., Fourniat J., Ducluzeau R., Aumaître A., Effect of yogurt ingestion on the intestinal lactase activity in axenic or holoxenic mice, Ann. Inst. Pasteur - Microbiol. 134 A (1983) 219-230.
  6. Bianchi-Salvadori B., Intestinal microflora: the role of yogurt in the equilibrium of the gut ecosystem, Int. J. Immunother. 3 Suppl. II (1986) 9-18.
  7. Bianchi-Salvadori B., Vesely R., Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and intestinal microflora, Microecol. Ther. 25 (1995) 247-255.
  8. Bianchi-Salvadori B., Gotti M., Brughera F., Polinelli U., Étude sur les variations de la flore lactique et bifide intestinale par rapport à l'administration des cellules lactiques du yaourt, Lait 58 (1978) 17-42.
  9. Crippa A., Cucci M., Rossi P., Marino A., Reale I., Paziente anziano e ulcere da pressione: proposta di una scheda di monitoraggio, Ger. Med. Intel. 5 (1996) 113-121.
  10. Finegold S.M., Sutter V.L., Mathisen G.E., Normal indigenous intestinal flora, in: Hentges D.J. (Ed.), Human intestinal microflora in health and disease, Academic Press, London, U.K., 1983, pp. 3-31.
  11. Friedewald W.T., Levy R.I., Fredrickson D.S., Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of preparative ultracentrifuge, Clin. Chem. 18 (1972) 499-502.
  12. Fuller R., Probiotics in man and animals, J. Appl. Bacteriol. 66 (1989) 365-378.
  13. Gibson G.R., Roberfroid M.B., Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: introducing the concept of probiotics, J. Nutr. 125 (1995) 1401-1412.
  14. Glinghammar B., Venturi M., Rowland I.R., Rafter J.J., Shift from a dairy product-rich to a dairy product-free diet: influence on cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of fecal water - a potential risk factor for colon cancer, Amer. J. Clin. Nutr. 66 (1997) 1277-1282.
  15. Gorbach S.L., Nahas L., Lerner P.I., Weintein L., Studies of intestinal microflora. I. Effects of diet, age and periodic sampling on numbers of fecal microorganisms in man, Gastroenterology 53 (1967) 845-855.
  16. Govers M.J.A.P., Termont D.S.M.L., Lapré J.A., Kleibeuker J.H., Vonk R.J., van der Meer R., Calcium in milk products precipitates intestinal fatty acids and secondary bile acids and thus inhibits colonic cytotoxicity in humans, Cancer Res. 56 (1996) 3270-3275.
  17. Guerin-Dunan C., Chabanet C., Pedone C., Popot F., Vaissade P., Bouley C., Szylit O., Andrieux C., Milk fermented with yogurt cultures and Lactobacillus casei compared with yogurt and gelled milk: influence on intestinal microflora in healthy infants, Amer. J. Clin. Nutr. 67 (1998) 111-117.
  18. Hartemink R., Domenech V.R., Rombouts F.M., LAMVAB - A new selective medium for the isolation of lactobacilli from faeces, J. Microbiol. Methods 29 (1997) 77-84.
  19. Holdeman L.V., Cato E.P., Moore W.E.C., Anaerobic laboratory manual, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, VA, USA, 1977.
  20. Hopkins M.J., Sharp R., Macfarlane G.T., Age and disease related changes in intestinal bacterial populations assessed by cell cultures, 16S rRNA abundance, and community cellular fatty acid profile, Gut 2 (2001) 198-205.
  21. IDF, Yoghurt - Enumeration of characteristic microorganisms - colony count technique at 37 $^\circ$C, Standard 117B, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1997.
  22. Kalantzopoulos G., Fermented products with probiotic qualities, Anaerobe 3 (1997) 185-190.
  23. Korpela J.T., Fotsis T., Adlercreutz H., Multicomponent analysis of bile acids in faeces by anion exchange and capillary column gas-liquid chromatography: application in oxytetracycline treated subjects, J. Steroid Biochem. 25 (1986) 277-284.
  24. Lapré J.A., de Vries H.T., Termont D.S.M.L., Kleibeuker J.H., de Vries E.G.E., van der Meer R., Mechanism of the protective effect of supplemental dietary calcium on cytolytic activity of fecal water, Cancer Res. 53 (1993) 248-253.
  25. Lipkin M., Biomarkers of increased susceptibility to gastrointestinal cancer: new application to studies of cancer prevention in human subjects, Cancer Res. 8 (1988) 235-245.
  26. Macfarlane S., Macfarlane G.T., Proteolysis and amino acid fermentation, in: Gibson S.W.A. (Ed.), Human health: the contribution of micro-organism, Springer-Verlag, London, U.K., 1994, pp. 71-86.
  27. Marteau P., Pochart P., Doré J., Béra-Maillet C., Bernalier A., Corthier G., Comparative study of bacterial groups within the human cecal and fecal microbiota, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 67 (2001) 4939-4942.
  28. Mevissen-Verhage E.A.E., de Vos N.M., Harmsen-van Amerongen W.C.M., Marcelis J.H., A selective medium for detection and enumeration of clostridia in human faeces, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 48 (1982) 205-206.
  29. Mitsuoka T., Hayakawa K., The fecal flora of man. I. Composition of the fecal flora of various age groups, Bakteriol. Mikrobiol. Hyg. 223 (1973) 333-342.
  30. Murray R.G.E., Brenner D.J., Bryant M.P., Holt J.G., Krieg N.R., Moulder J.W., Pfennig N., Sneath P.H.A., Staley J.T., Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology, 2nd vol., William & Wilkins, Baltimore, USA, 1986.
  31. Naidu A.S., Bidlack W.R., Clemens R.A., Probiotic spectra of lactic acid bacteria, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 38 (1999) 13-126.
  32. Rafter J.J., The role of lactic acid bacteria in colon cancer prevention, Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 30 (1995) 497-502.
  33. Rajala S.A., Salminen S.J., Seppanen J.H., Vapaatalo H., Treatment of chronic constipation with lactitol sweetened yoghurt supplemented with guar gum and wheat bran in elderly hospital in-patients, Compr. Gerontol. 2 (1988) 83-86.
  34. Reddy B.S., Prevention of colon cancer by pre- and probiotics: evidence from laboratory studies, Brit. J. Nutr. 80 (1998) S219-S223.
  35. Salvadori P., Bianchi-Salvadori B., Studio sulle variazioni coprocolturali nell'uomo in rapporto alla somministrazione di yogurt, Minerva Diet. 13 (1973) 8-12.
  36. Spanhaak S., Hayenaar R., Schafsma G., The effect of consumption on milk fermented by Lactobacillus casei Shirota on the intestinal microflora and immune parameters in humans, Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 12 (1998) 899-907.
  37. Tannock J.W., Influence of the normal microbiota on the animal host, in: Mackie R.I., White B.A., Isaacson R.E. (Eds.), Gastrointestinal microbiology - Gastrointestinal microbes and host interactions, vol. 2, Chapmann & Hall, New York, USA, 1977, pp. 466-497.
  38. Thompson L.U., Jenkins D.J., Amer M.A., Reichert R., Jenkins A., Kamulsky J., The effect of fermented and unfermented milks on serum cholesterol, Amer. J. Clin. Nutr. 36 (1982) 1106-1111.


Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences