Free access
Issue
Lait
Volume 82, Number 3, May-June 2002
Page(s) 343 - 356
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/lait:2002015

References

  1. Bowen W.R., Mohammad A.W., Hilal N., Characterisation of nanofiltration membranes for predictive purposes - use of salts, uncharged solutes and atomic force microscopy, J. Membrane Sci. 126 (1997) 91-105.
  2. Cheryan M., Ultrafiltration and Microfiltration Handbook, Technomic Publishing Company, Lancaster, USA, 1998, pp. 16-28.
  3. Donnan F.G., Theory of membrane equilibria and membrane potentials in the presence of non-dialysing electrolytes. A contribution to physical-chemical physiology, J. Membrane Sci. 100 (1995) 45-55.
  4. Glover F.A., Ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis for the dairy industry, NIRD Tech. Bull. 5 (1985) 141-155.
  5. Hagmeyer G., Gimbel R., Modelling the salt rejection of nanofiltration membranes for ternary ion mixtures and for single salts at different pH values, Desalination 117 (1998) 247-256.
  6. Horton B.S., Water, chemical and brine recycle or reuse - applying membrane processes, Aust. J. Dairy Technol. 52 (1997) 68-70.
  7. Horton B., The whey processing industry - into the 21st century, in: Whey, Special Issue 9804, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1998, pp. 12-25.
  8. Hudson T., Nanofiltration and ion exchange for the demineralisation of whey, in: Whey, Special Issue 9804, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1998, pp. 88-92.
  9. IDF, Milk cream and evaporated milk - Determination of total solids content - Reference method, Standard 21B, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1987.
  10. IDF, Cheese and processed cheese products - Determination of chloride content - Potentiometric titration method, Standard 88A, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1988.
  11. IDF, Milk and dried milk - Determination of calcium content - Flame atomic absorption spectrometric method, Standard 154, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1992.
  12. IDF, Milk - Determination of nitrogen content Part 1 - Kjeldahl method, Standard 20B, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1993.
  13. Jeantet R., Rodríquez J., Garem A., Nanofiltration of sweet whey by spiral wound organic membranes: impact of hydrodynamics, Lait 80 (2000) 155-163.
  14. Jelen P., Pressure-driven membrane processes: principles and definitions, in: New Applications of Membrane Processes, Special Issue 9201, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1992, pp. 7-14.
  15. Jevons M., Separate & concentrate, Dairy Ind. Int. 62 (1997) 19-21.
  16. Kelly P.M., Horton B.S., Burling H., Partial demineralization of whey by nanofiltration, in: New Applications of Membrane Processes, Special Issue 9201, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1992, pp. 130-140.
  17. Košuticv K., Kaštelan-Kunst L., Kunst B., Porosity of some commercial reverse osmosis and nanofiltration polyamide thin-film composite membranes, J. Membrane Sci. 168 (2000) 101-108.
  18. Mänttäri M., Nyström M., Critical flux in NF of high molar mass polysaccharides and effluents from the paper industry, J. Membrane Sci. 170 (2000) 257-273.
  19. Marshall K.R., Harper W.J., Whey protein concentrates, Bull. Int. Dairy Fed. 233 (1988) 21-32.
  20. Nyström M., Kaipia L., Luque S., Fouling and retention of nanofiltration membranes, J. Membrane Sci. 98 (1995) 249-262.
  21. Nyström M., Aimar P., Luque S., Kulovaara M., Metsämuuronen S., Fractionation of model proteins using their physio-chemical properties, Colloid Surf. A: 138 (1998) 185-205.
  22. Outinen M., Tossavainen O., Tupasela T., Koskela P., Koskinen H., Rantamäki P., Syväoja E.-L., Antila P., Kankare V., Fractionation of proteins from whey with different pilot scale processes, Lebensm.Wiss. Technol. 29 (1996) 411-417.
  23. Petersen R.J., Composite reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes, J. Membrane Sci. 83 (1993) 81-150.
  24. Pouliot Y., Jelen P., Pretreatments of dairy fluids to minimize long-term membrane fouling, in: Fouling and Cleaning in Pressure Driven Membrane Processes, Special Issue 9504, Int. Dairy Fed., Brussels, Belgium, 1995, pp. 80-90.
  25. Rosenberg M., Current and future applications for membrane processes in the dairy industry, Trends Food Sci. Technol. 6 (1995) 12-19.
  26. Sienkiewicz T., Riedel C.-L., Whey and Whey Utilization, Verlag Th. Mann, Gelsenkirchen-Buer, Germany, 1990, pp. 285.
  27. van der Horst H.C., Timmer J.M.K., Robbertsen T., Leenders J., Use of nanofiltration for concentration and demineralization in the dairy industry: Model for mass transport, J. Membrane Sci. 104 (1995) 205-218.
  28. van Gauwbergen D., Baeyens J., Macroscopic fluid flow conditions in spiral wound membrane elements, Desalination 110 (1997) 287-299.
  29. Vasiljevic T., Jelen P., Comparison of nanofiltration and high pressure ultrafiltration of cottage cheese whey and whey permeate, Milchwissenschaft 55 (2000) 145-149.
  30. Walstra P., Jenness R., Dairy Chemistry and Physics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA, 1984, pp. 1-3, 114-121, 416-417.
  31. Yaroshchuk A.E., Makovetskiy A.L., Boiko Y.P., Galinker E.W., Non-steady-state membrane potential: theory and measurements by a novel technique to determine the ion transport numbers in active layers of nanofiltration membranes, J. Membrane Sci. 172 (2000) 203-221.

Abstract

Copyright INRA, EDP Sciences